In this tutorial, we will talk about how to fix CrashLoopBackOff error along with how to debug, troubleshoot, and prevent it from happening. 

crashloopbackoff, crashloopbackoff kubernetes, crashloopbackoff banner

Imagine the situation that you are deeply engraved in the pool of Kubernetes with many pods and containers running at their peak and everything is going smoothly, but suddenly when you check the pods, you encounter a mysterious error message: "CrashLoopBackOff." 

What does it mean? Why did it happen? How to resolve CrashLoopBackOff error? If these questions are swirling in your mind, you've come to the right place.

In this blog, you are going to get all your answers regarding this “CrashLoopBackOff” error, along with a ton of new information, solutions, and also some precautions to avoid these. 

Let’s start with an introduction of what actually this error is.

What is CrashLoopBackOff Error in Kubernetes?

CrashLoopBackOff is an error message which indicates that one of your pods or containers is in a constant state failing and restarting repeatedly. 

This basically happens because, by default, the pods have a policy of “Always” which defines that the pods should restart every time they fail.

CrashLoopBackOff is not an error in itself but indicates that there’s something that is preventing a pod from starting.

Also Read: How to Use Kubectl Rollout Restart?

Example of CrashLoopBackOff Error

Before starting, make sure that you have a running Kubernetes cluster, you can use the following command for starting a minikube cluster.

minikube start

Make a deployment file and name it “my-deployment.yaml”, with the following content in it.

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
  name: my-deployment
  replicas: 1
      app: my-app
        app: my-app
      - name: container-1
        image: nginx
        - containerPort: 80
      - name: container-2
        image: busybox
        - containerPort: 80

Now, in this case, there are two containers running inside a single pod and demanding for port 80 to be assigned to both of them. This creates a situation of clash and one of these containers will keep on failing and restarting.

The command for creating the deployment is:

kubectl apply -f my-deployment.yaml

Now, if you check the status of the running pod, Kubernetes shows an error message saying “CrashLoopBackOff” and the pod has been restarted 1 time in 4 seconds till now.

This error was generated because of the clash of port binding between two containers and hence, the pod is failing & restarting repeatedly and hence falling in a loop.

To solve this error, you will have to assign a different port to one of the containers and it will work just fine. 

This was a practical example of how the CrashLoopBackOff error occurs, covering one of the reasons.

In the following section, we will get deep into the different reasons behind the “CrashLoopBackOff” error and how to fix them.

Also Read: How to Fix CreateContainerError & CreateContainerConfigError?

Reasons behind the CrashLoopBackOff Error

Let's look at the different reasons behind the "CrashLoopBackOff" error so that you can try to avoid them during production.

Insufficient Resources

Pods need a particular amount of memory resources or CPU to function as they are supposed to. 

So, during production, if there are insufficient resources, the pods will crash and eventually give the error message “CrashLoopBackOff”.

An example of this situation could be that, suppose you deploy a memory-intensive application without specifying the resource requests or limits, this can lead to memory exhaustion and crashes.


Always set the resource requests and limits appropriately in your pod specifications.

This is how you can define the resources specifically according to your requirements.

     memory: "64Mi"
     cpu: "250m"
     memory: "128Mi"
     cpu: "500m"

Here the memory requests for 64 megabytes (Mi) and memory limits to 128 megabytes (Mi) and for CPU, the requests are set to 250 milliCPU (m) and limits to 500 milliCPU (m).

Also Read: Kubernetes Pods vs Nods vs Cluster

Image Pull Issues

Now, every Kubernetes resource has one holy file for it, which defines all the things which are important for that resource. 

In this case, if the image name is not correct in the deployment file (for deployment), then the CrashLoopBackOff error occurs and the pods start failing and restarting, eventually falling into a loop.


Make sure that you recheck the image name (imagePullPolicy) in the file as well as the access rights of the repository.

Services Unavailability

If your applications depend on some external services and if those services were not able to serve properly due to misconfigurations or their unavailability then you can be presented with the “CrashLoopBackOff” error.

Suppose, you have a microservice running that requires a database as its external service. And due to some misconfiguration or connection issues, if the microservice could not connect to the database, the error will occur.


You have to make sure that the connection to the external services is successful priorly and also you should maintain some retry mechanisms for service dependencies.

Also Read: Top Kubernetes Best Practices

Port or Resource Conflicts

There can be situations where multiple containers under the same pod use the same ports or the same resources, which can lead to crashes.

For example, there are two containers inside a pod and both of them try to bind with port 80, which is not practically possible and hence will lead to a crash.


You have to be very careful while allocating the ports to the containers and also the resources which are used by them.

Inadequate Error Handling

Error handling is the most important factor which you should keep in mind while creating resources. 

The applications that lack proper error handling might crash when encountering unexpected situations or unhandled exceptions.

For example, your application can crash if it doesn't handle the network timeouts when making API calls to external services.


Try to improve the error-handling mechanism for your application/service, by integrating a number of conditions covering all the situations for handling all the errors gracefully.

As you are done with knowing the reasons behind the CrashLoopBackOff error, let's move on to the ways of troubleshooting and solving those errors.

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How to Debug, Troubleshoot & Fix CrashLoopBackOff in Kubernetes?

Debugging and troubleshooting "CrashLoopBackOff" errors in Kubernetes requires a systematic approach to identify the root cause and implement the necessary fixes. 

Here's a step-by-step guide to help you debug, troubleshoot, and resolve these errors effectively.

Check Pod Status 

Firstly, you can inspect the logs of the crashed container to gather information about the error or issue that caused the crash. Use the following command:

kubectl get pods

You will get an output similar to the image below.

kubectl get pods output, crashloopbackoff

Inspect Pod Events

You can use the kubectl describe pod command to inspect the pod's events and conditions:

kubectl describe pod <pod-name>

It will look for any events or conditions that might indicate issues with container creation or startup. 

This is how the output will look like.

kubectl describe out, crashloopbackoff kubernetes

The kubectl describe command gives a lot of information, you just have to observe it carefully, and then you can rectify the errors.

In this case, you can see that the ports demanded by both the containers are same.

kubectl pod events, crashloopbackoff

Check Container Logs

You can inspect the logs of each container within the pod to identify any errors.

Since there are two containers running inside a single pod (container-1 and container-2), you can check the logs for both of them separately.

kubectl logs <pod-name> -c container-1
kubectl logs <pod-name> -c container-2

The following image shows the output logs for container-1, which is working fine because it was allocated port 80 successfully.

kubectl logs, crashloopbackoff

This particular image shows no log outputs for container-2 which means a "CrashLoopBackOff No Logs" state has arrived, which signifies that the container is not running, because of a clash in the port binding.

kubectl logs my-deployment output, crashloopbackoff kubernetes

These logs will provide you with a lot of information, which will be useful for you to find the errors and rectify them.

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How to Fix CrashLoopBackOff Error: TL;DR

To summarise it all, the "CrashLoopBackOff" error in Kubernetes signifies a pod's continuous cycle of crashing and restarting due to various factors like misconfigurations, resource constraints, unhandled exceptions, etc. 

To troubleshoot,  you can inspect pod logs, verify resource allocations, ensure image availability, and other methods discussed in the article. 

Fixing these issues involves correcting misconfigurations, adjusting resource limits, and validating container images. By comprehending its causes and employing systematic troubleshooting, developers can tackle "CrashLoopBackOff" errors and can ensure the stability and reliability of their Kubernetes applications/services.